Management may be defined in many different ways. Many eminent authors on the subject have defined the term “management”, some of these definitions are reproduced below:

According to Lawrence A Appley, “Management is the development of people and not the direction of things”.

According to Joseph Massie, “Management is defined as the process by which a co-operative group directs action towards common goals”.


Who is called the father of scientific management? (a) F.W. Taylor (b) Henry Fayol (c) Max Weber (d) Elton Mayo Answer: Frederick Winslow Taylor (March 20, 1856 – March 21, 1915)


In the words of George R Terry, “Management is a distinct process consisting of planning, organising, actuating and controlling performed to determine and accomplish the objectives by the use of people and resources”.

According to James L Lundy, “Management is principally the task of planning, co-ordinating, motivating and controlling the efforts of others towards a specific objective”.

In the words of Henry Fayol, “To manage is to forecast and to plan, to organise, to command, to co-ordinate and to control”.

According to Peter F Drucker, “Management is a multi-purpose organ that manages a business and manages managers and manages worker and work”.

In the words of J.N. Schulze, “Management is the force which leads, guides and directs an organisation in the accomplishment of a pre-determined object”.

In the words of Koontz and O’Donnel, “Management is defined as the creation and maintenance of an internal environment in an enterprise where individuals working together in groups can perform efficiently and effectively towards the attainment of group goals”.

According to Ordway Tead, “Management is the process and agency which directs and guides the operations of an organisation in realising of established aims”