Zulfiqar Hasan

Internship/Dissertation Referencing: APA Style Shortcut for book references

Students of BBA, MBA, LLB and other programs are required to prepare internship, dissertation, project works or assignments frequently.

To make the report authentic and accurate students need to cite the sources. Citing the sources is called referencing. Harvard, MLA and APA referencing methods are used by the researchers.

This article provides examples of how to cite materials both in body text and in the list of references given at the end of the report.

1.0 Book - by one author
a. In text (body of the report) citation

(Madura, 2014) or Madura (2014) defines “Agency problems as the conflict ….” (p. 03).

b. In reference list (at the end of the report)

Madura, J. (2014). International financial management. 9th Edition. Mason, USA: Thomson South-Western

Author’s Last Name, First name. (Year of Publication). Book Name in italic form. Edition. City, Country: Publisher

2.0 Book - by two authors

a. In text (body) citation

(Besley & Brigham, 2012) or Besley & Brigham (2012) illustrated Finance as the ……

When citing in-text, if the author's names are in parentheses, use the & symbol. Otherwise, in-text use and before the last author of a citation (Publication Manual, p. 175).

b. In reference list (at the end of the report)

Besley, S., & Brigham, Eugene, F. (2012). Essentials of Managerial Finance. 13th Edition. Ohio, USA: Thomson South-Western

Sample References

Besley, S., & Brigham, E. F. (2012). Essentials of managerial finance. 13th Edition. Ohio, USA: Thomson South-Western

Gitman, L. J. (2014). Principles of managerial finance. 13th Edition New York, USA: Pearson Education

Krause, K. L., Bochner, S., & Duchesne, S. (2006). Educational psychology for learning and teaching (2nd ed.). South Melbourne, Australia: Thomson

Madura, J. (2014). International financial management. 9th Edition. Mason, USA: Thomson South-Western


Johari, F., Ridwan, M., & Abdallal, AD. (2015). Testing the Model of Success Experience in Converting Into Islamic Banks in Libya Structural Equation Modeling. Journal of Islamic Banking and Finance. Vol. 3(2), pp. 31-46. ISSN 2374-2666

Sainaghi, R. (2008). Strategic position and performance of winter destinations. Tourism Review, 63(4), 40-57

Annual Reports

First Security Islami Bank Limited, Bangladesh. (18.08.2009). Financial Highlights. Annual Report 2008. Retrieved from http://www.fsiblbd.com/pdf/account.pdf

Telecom New Zealand. (2007). Ready to compete, connect, communicate: Annual report 2007. Retrieved from http://annualreport07.telecom.co.nz/download/telecom-annual-report 2007.pdf


Matubber, A.A. (2015). Human Resource Management: HRM [Lecture notes]. Dhaka, Bangladesh: Bangladesh Islami University, Department of Business Administration

Contributor: Zulfiqar Hasan is a University Teacher working as an Associate Professor (Finance). He can be reached: hasanzulfiqar@yahoo.co.uk